Tactile models for children and adolescents with blindness and visual impairment
The project developed to propose a technological development of accessibility to cultural heritage in urban and architectural settings for children with visual disabilities (blind and visually impaired) by manufacturing two haptic models printed in 3D digital technology, was carried out by Re Genera Espacio and Faculty of Architecture of Benemérita Autonomous University of Puebla.
The user establishes a relationship with the architectural object with heritage value through touch and the identification of volumes, assemblies, scales and textures. This understanding is emphasized with the auditory sense and the support of a guide that explains the characteristics of the element.
About the urban models, they are Cartesian maps that help children and young people with visual disabilities to identify the city, on an understandable scale, where public spaces, streets, temples and other representative heritage buildings are represented. There is an emphasis on the quality of textures to differentiate pedestrian streets, street furniture and trees. It is a support material that facilitates the blind and visually impaired children the possibility to understand their possible pedestrian mobility with the recognition of objects at different scales. Depending on the interaction, the models can be didactic and playful elements that, in addition to helping the orientation in the city and the understanding of architecture, can help in other cultural dissemination activities, such as reading stories and telling historical events.
In this process, have worked with associations of blind and visually impaired people, such as Leyer's Puebla, with the Puebla Science and Technology Council (CONCYTEP) and with digital manufacturing initiatives such as the FABUAP 3D Technologies Laboratory and the FabLab Ibero Puebla. The interdisciplinary work has included architects, graphic designers and psychologists.