Accessibility in Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction: Technical Form for Validation, Selection, Calculation and Basic Equipment of universal Accessibility for shelters: Trophy 2016
The United Nations Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 states that in case of a disaster, the death rate is at least two times higher among persons with disabilities. In this regard, Ecuadorian Government through its Technical Secretariat for the Inclusive Management on Disabilities (SETEDIS) ensure the coordination of cross-sector implementation of public policy to incorporate inclusive strategies for the promotion of equal rights and opportunities for all in the case of an emergency or risk within the Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy under the national program "Ecuador Lives the Inclusion" (Programa Ecuador Vive la Inclusion).
In Ecuador, a country exposed to a wide range of natural hazards, the first governmental inclusive intervention in Response was deployed in the year 2011 during the eruptive activity of the Tungurahua Volcano. This first experience set the base line for the design of a National Strategy lead by SETEDIS, which, since 2013, has been implementing inclusive projects for guarantee the rights of persons with disabilities and their families. As a result, the inclusive approach to disaster risk reduction of SETEDIS has been expanded to the National Risk Management Strategy and crosscutted into the Emergency Operation Committees (EOC).
In August 2015, during the reactivation of Cotopaxi Volcano, phenomenon that could affect 325.000 people, SETEDIS has been consulted for guidelines for the Inclusive Developed Plan and also for the accessible infrastructure needed in case of evacuation. In the Technical Table for Comprehensive Attention for the population of the EOC (Table 4), after SETEDIS delivered the census of person with disabilities by working house by house in the high risk zones (the census includes: geo-reference of 476 persons with disabilities and personalized evacuation family plans), the main decision was to select, validate and implement accessible infrastructure among 218 temporary shelters identified in case of evacuation. This was the breaking point for SETEDIS to come up with an effective and immediate solution.
This tool makes a prompt evaluation of each space and selects the best option to be considered as a shelter for validation, selection and calculation of accessibility basic equipment for temporary shelters. The tool supports the decision making process during the phase of Reduction of Disasters because it allows to identify in short time the shelters that fulfil the basic accessibility requirements. Additionally, it calculates the specific number of elements from a Kit that mandatory have to be implemented in the selected infrastructure.