Best Practice 2014
Category: Projects, proposals, methodologies and studies
Habitat for all: Trophy 2015
Habitat for all is a regional collective study on adapted collective housing (or HRA, for “habitat regroupé adapté”) is intended to be participative and cross-disciplinary, so as to best identify the needs of our territory and jointly design the best adapted solutions, developed by Autonom‘lab.
More than twenty different regional bodies took part in the study, including local authorities, establishments, social landlords, home care services (SAD), home nursing care services (SSIAD) as well as students from six universities (IAE, ENSIL, IRFSS, IESF, GRESCO, CERES). Together, they worked to produce a “set of operating specifications” for collective housing adapted to everybody, including the most vulnerable people.
This living-lab approach of the subject made it possible to analyse the offer in terms of values and uses as highlighted and defined by the “user working group”.
Five values were defined:
- Autonomy: autonomy is synonymous with freedom, meaning the ability to make one’s own decisions. For adapted collective housing, this means offering a variety of homes and services taking account of users’ opinions.
- Security: in order to prevent or limit risks, a human, technical and technological structure is required.
- For adapted collective housing, this means the services and/or technical/technological systems used to prevent risks and hazards.
- Active involvement: this consists in enabling every citizen, even the most disadvantaged people, to participate fully in society. At HRA level, this means housing that is accessible in terms of structure, geographical location and cost.
- Diversity: adapted collective housing accommodates residents with different profiles (disabled or not, more or less old) and has an open structure with a diverse environment to foster exchanges.
- Sharing: this consists in pooling experience so that each party concerned can enhance their knowledge and practices. Adapted collective housing must encourage social interaction by the layout of the premises and/or by human presence.
A home can be characterised by its uses –living, meeting, using and participating– which in turn can be associated with services. Six broad categories of services have been defined:
- Information systems: home automation, telemedicine, etc.
- Development of services: remote control, management, etc.
- Mobility of people: motion detectors, adaptation of transportation, etc.
- Pooling of resources
- Securing the premises: helpline, remote medical assistance, remote monitoring and alarm system, etc.
- Internal and external flow of exchanges via internet, networks, etc.
These services cannot be developed without digital technology. More than a mere physical adaptation of the premises, digital technology provides pooling of services, coordination of players, a social link, improved personal security, etc. Adapted collective housing has everything to gain by being connected, but this only makes sense if the solutions are well designed, taking into account the use of the premises and the values of its users.